Types of shotgun rounds

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Types of shotgun rounds

Buy shotgun ammunition online at Guns.

types of shotgun rounds

In addition to our large firearms inventory, we now offer ammo for sale. Find all types of shotgun shells with our user-friendly website and easy-to-navigate search function. Birdshot, buckshot, and slugs, gauge to bore and everything in between — whatever type of shotgun ammunition you need, Guns.

Take advantage of our bulk ammo sales and stock up on shotgun ammunition. Our inventory includes the most popular gauge shells, as well as gauge, gauge, gauge, gauge, and bore. Our ammo comes from the best-selling manufacturers, including Federal, Winchester, Remington, Fiocchi, and many more. At Guns. Buy with confidence, knowing our commitment to our customers continues to convey even after the sale.

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Federal Premium upgrades new turkey shotshell lineup Federal Premium Ammunition re-imagines its shotshell lineup, replacing previous turkey shotshell products with three new loads — Grand Slam, 3rd Degree and Heavyweight TSS. Your browser does not support the video tag.T he shotgun is, by far, the deadliest and most formidable, effective firearm ever created for short range personal defense.

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No other firearm will devastate, disable, or discourage an aggressor as reliably as a shotgun. No other firearm is as likely to obtain decisive hits on an assailant as a shotgun loaded with buckshot.

S hotgun ammunition consists of three general types:. P ellets or balls in a fired shotgun shell expand rapidly with distance traveled, producing a "pattern". The benefit of scattered shot is its ability to produce likely hits on an attacker, coupled with incomparable stopping power. For this reason, shotguns are often called "scatterguns".

types of shotgun rounds

T he term "gauge" is an antiquated, hence traditional, method of measurement. It refers to the number of lead balls, each equal in diameter to the bore of the shotgun barrel, that it would take to equal one pound. The larger the gauge number, the smaller the bore diameter of the barrel, because it would take more lead balls equal to the bore diameter to equal one pound. The exception is the. A "choke" is a tapered constriction of the bore of a shotgun barrel at the muzzle end.

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Its purpose is to decrease the spread of shot. Different degrees of constriction have corresponding designations, with "cylinder" being totally open and "full" being the most constricted. Chokes affect the "tightness" of a shot pattern. Tight patterns contribute to better accuracy and killing potential at greater distances. This is a desirable attribute when hunting. For personal protection, however, it's a negative. Shotguns intended for defensive use often have a cylinder choke or an "improved cylinder" only slightly constricted choke to produce the widest shot patterns possible at the typically short ranges associated with engaging one's attacker.

R ecommendations regarding preferred shotgun ammunition for self defense follow. Never use birdshot. It is particularly well suited to those of smaller stature and those that dislike the blast and recoil of the 12 gauge. This is equivalent to the ballistic force of being hit with two. Reduced recoil of the 20 gauge is conducive to accurate, rapid shots. F or close-in home defense situations, birdshot might work, but its use is not preferred.Combining the finest components with game-changing innovation, Remington engineers are moving closer to perfection round by round.

Shotgun Ammunition: What and When to Use

No other company offers more innovative solutions for hunting, self-defense, competition and tactical applications. Our product? The confidence of knowing that a barrel raised is a target hit—every time.

They are engineers, ballistic scientists, chemists, retired U. Military and law-enforcement experts, top-ranking competitive shooters, hunters and all manners of experts in the field.

Together, they continue to revolutionize every facet of firearm and ammunition performance. And with the VersaPort gas-operated system, the unstoppable Versa Max and the new V3 continue to take the shotgun world by storm. There is no such place as off the clock for Remington engineers, even when it comes to tried-and-true loads like the Remington Core-Loktcelebrating over 75 years as The Deadliest Mushroom in the Woods. HyperSonic Rifle Boded.

Hog Hammer. Ultimate Defense Handgun. Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now. Rifles Back Bolt-Action. Muzzleloading Back Model Ultimate. Pump-Action Back Model Shotguns Back Autoloading.

Pump Action. Pump Action Back Model Tactical Back Model DM. Handguns Back Remington R Remington RP. Remington RMThe most common shotgun ammunition is the 12 gauge and the 20 gauge.

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The gauge is the diameter of the bore, which is the hollow part of the barrel. Shotguns come in different size gauges which determine the size of its ammunition. The 12 gauge has a diameter of The 20 gauge has a diameter of This makes the 12 gauge bigger than the 20 gauge. Do not try to mix the 12 gauge shells with a 20 gauge gun, or vice versa, because it could damage the weapon as a result.

Now when it comes to the ammunition and the shooting experience of each one, you have to consider the recoil and the number of spherical projectiles from the shells.

A 12 gauge shell contains more gunpowder, so it will have a lot more recoil. Remember that recoil is the kickback you get from firing a weapon. If you are delicate or have poor balance then you might want to stick with the 20 gauge shotgun. Well these numbers actually refer to the number of solid spherical balls the same diameter as the inside of the barrel that can be made from one pound of lead.

Shotgun Ammo

In a 12 gauge, 12 lead balls can be made from one pound of lead. In a 20 gauge, 20 lead balls can be made from one pound of lead. The gauge is the larger of the two with a bore diameter of 0. The range is usually longer and it will have greater recoil. The gauge is chosen for migratory bird hunting and skeet shooting because of its range.

Physically smaller individuals may find the recoil is not tolerable. The recoil can be considerable for anyone when using certain shells. This is something that must be considered for extended hunting trips. People that seem to be able to tolerate the recoil on the practice range may find it more difficult as the hunting trip gets longer and as they use various sized loads.

If there is more than one person in the home that may use a shotgun as a home defense weapon you must consider the recoil. Young adults and others must be able to tolerate the recoil of a 12 gauge otherwise, you would need to have a Gauge available or have both weapons available for use.

Because of the heavier loads in a gauge you have to know the damage the loads will do to small game such as rabbits and squirrels. The heavier loads may very well destroy the animal to the point where they cannot be used as a food source and the skins would be unusable as well. Because the heavier loads carry more pellets, avid bird hunters choose the gauge because more pellets mean more contact with the bird.

The bore diameter of a gauge is 0. The weapon is used for bird hunting, hunting in general and for skeet shooting. The range according to some is more than adequate for most bird hunting to include duck hunting. The weapon is also an ideal home defense shotgun, and typically, in home defense range is not a critical factor.

Many hunters will choose a gauge over a 12 based on the recoil and lightweight especially when they expect to cover a lot of terrain daily. The range for the 1 ounces for a 20 gauge will be less than the same sized load in a gauge. For home defense many use the heavier loads in their gauage for stopping power without the recoil associated with the gauge. I think it is important to know how different shotgun ammunition works, so you can choose the one you need at the moment. Birdshot is a type of shotgun ammunition that is designed for hunting birds in the wild.

Inside the shotgun shell contains tiny metal spheres that are all the same size.

Shotgun Ammo

This allows them to be packed together nicely into a shell, so that many pellets can fit in there. Once the shell full of pellets is loaded into the shotgun and fired out, the pellets separate from the shell and spread outwards.

types of shotgun rounds

This is what is known as a birdshot because the spreading of the pellets makes it easier to hit a flying target, such as a bird. Birdshot contains the smallest pellets out of all the other shotgun ammunition types.A shotgun also known as a scattergun, [1] or historically as a fowling piece is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shotor a solid projectile called a slug.

Shotguns come in a wide variety of sizes, ranging from 5. A shotgun was originally a smoothbore firearm, which means that the inside of the barrel is not rifled but later rifled shotgun barrels and slugs become available. Preceding smoothbore firearms, such as the musketwere widely used by armies in the 18th century. The direct ancestor to the shotgun, the blunderbusswas also used in a similar variety of roles from self-defense to riot control.

It was often used by cavalry troops because of its generally shorter length and ease of use, as well as by coachmen for its substantial power. In the 19th century, however, these weapons were largely replaced on the battlefield with breechloading rifled firearms, which were more accurate over longer ranges. The military value of shotguns was rediscovered in the First World Warwhen American forces used gauge pump action shotguns in close-quarters trench fighting to great effect. Since then, it has been used in a variety of roles in civilianlaw enforcementand military applications.

The shot pellets from a shotgun spread upon leaving the barrel, and the power of the burning charge is divided among the pellets, which means that the energy of any one ball of shot is fairly low. In a hunting context, this makes shotguns useful primarily for hunting birds and other small game. However, in a military or law enforcement context, the large number of projectiles makes the shotgun useful as a close quarters combat weapon or a defensive weapon.

Militants or insurgents may use shotguns in asymmetric engagementsas shotguns are commonly owned civilian weapons in many countries. Shotguns are also used for target shooting sports such as skeettrapand sporting clays.

These involve shooting clay disks, known as clay pigeonsthrown in various ways. Shotguns come in a wide variety of forms, from very small up to massive punt gunsand in nearly every type of firearm operating mechanism.

The common characteristics that make a shotgun unique center on the requirements of firing shot. These features are the features typical of a shotgun shellnamely a relatively short, wide cartridge, with straight walls, and operating at a relatively low pressure.

Ammunition for shotguns is referred to in the US as shotgun shells, shotshells, or just shells when it is not likely to be confused with artillery shells. The term cartridges is standard usage in the United Kingdom. The shot is usually fired from a smoothbore barrel; another configuration is the rifled slug barrelwhich fires more accurate solitary projectiles. The typical use of a shotgun is against small and fast moving targets, often while in the air.

The spreading of the shot allows the user to point the shotgun close to the target, rather than having to aim precisely as in the case of a single projectile. The disadvantages of shot are limited range and limited penetration of the shot, which is why shotguns are used at short ranges, and typically against smaller targets.

Larger shot sizes, up to the extreme case of the single projectile slug load, result in increased penetration, but at the expense of fewer projectiles and lower probability of hitting the target. Aside from the most common use against small, fast moving targets, the shotgun has several advantages when used against still targets.

First, it has enormous stopping power at short range, more than nearly all handguns and many rifles. Though many believe the shotgun is a great firearm for inexperienced shooters, the truth is, at close range, the spread of shot is not very large at all, and competency in aiming is still required.

A typical self-defense load of buckshot contains 8—27 large lead pellets, resulting in many wound tracks in the target. Also, unlike a fully jacketed rifle bullet, each pellet of shot is less likely to penetrate walls and hit bystanders. On the other hand, the hit potential of a defensive shotgun is often overstated. The typical defensive shot is taken at very close ranges, at which the shot charge expands no more than a few centimeters. Balancing this is the fact that shot spreads further upon entering the target, and the multiple wound channels are far more likely to produce a disabling wound than a rifle or handgun.

Some of the most common uses of shotguns are the sports of skeet shootingtrap shootingand sporting clays. These involve shooting clay discs, also known as clay pigeons, thrown in by hand and by machine. Both skeet and trap competitions are featured at the Olympic Games. The shotgun is popular for bird hunting called "game-shooting" in the UK, where "hunting" refers to hunting mammals with a pack of houndsit is also used for more general forms of hunting especially in semi-populated areas where the range of rifle bullets may pose a hazard.Midwest, USA — - Ammoland.

I have used the same Remington pump shotgun to hunt everything from squirrels to mourning dove to snow geese to deer, shoot trap, skeet and sporting clays, dispatch venomous snakes, explode two-liter sodas for fun, and dispose of a large wasp nest in a tree too close to the house.

Top 10 Most DIABOLICAL Homemade Shotgun Rounds

Around midnight on moonlit-night, a black cow with a completely white face does a remarkable impression of a man wearing a white t-shirt, running through the yard. One reason 12 gauge shotguns can serve so many purposes is the vast array of different shotshells you can stuff into them. I am going to name some specific brands in the following list, but realize that there are lots of companies that make great shotgun ammunition. Affordable, inexpensive, or downright cheap, no matter which term you prefer, every gauge owner needs to have several dozen boxes of this type of shotshell lying around.

Although intended mainly for clay birds, I have used them both with great results on feathered birds like dove and crows. And at the price, you can shoot and shoot and shoot and not feel the least bit guilty. A count value pack of this type of ammo plus a case of clay targets and a cheap plastic hand thrower is a recipe for an afternoon of fun with a friend.

And for good reason. Is it right for every situation? Absolutely not. But these turkey loads can give you extra range, and more hitting power, especially if you do your research and carefully select the appropriate choke tubes. Advances in pellet material, such as tungsten and bismuth, allow for small pellets that weigh more than they would if made of lead. This extra density gives more pellets in the pattern at extended ranges, thus increasing hit probability.

In addition to turkey hunting, some folks find this type of ammo to be great for coyotes and foxes, also out to 50 yards or so. Another use for this type of ammo that I know first-hand is to instantly flip a shotgun spinner target in a 3-Gun match.

With regular birdshot, it takes me at least 3, and sometimes 4 shots to get a heavy steel shotgun spinner to make one rotation.

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Before you decide to use a specialized turkey load in your next 3-Gun match, be sure to check the match rules about possible limits on shot size. Other companies also make their own version of specialized wads that help extend ranges. Buckshot is okay for deer at close range, but even better as a self-defense load. There are reasons why police shotguns have traditionally been stoked with several rounds of buckshot.

As a child, I helped dress and process many deer that my grandfather and uncles quickly and ethically killed with a single blast of 00 buckshot. A tight cluster of. I just hope I never have to find out how much so, for real. They do kick less, but realize the lighter recoil comes at the price of downrange performance.

Just remember to keep your shots short if you choose to hunt with these loads. I love shotgun slugs. I know that the expensive, advanced, aerodynamic sabot slugs — combined with rifled barrels and scopes — can give rifle-like accuracy out to or even yards.

With my inch, smoothbore barrel topped with rifle sights, I can choose where on a silhouette target I want to hit out to 75 yards. Once, after watching some Youtube videos of shotgun sluggers hitting at yards and beyond, I had to try the same thing. After getting several hits at yards, I fired 5 shots at a yard silhouette and got two good hits and one graze. And a lot of fun to try, if you have the appropriate range for it.

Shotgun slugs are, in a word, awesome. Surely I cannot be serious. Yes I am. So why do I put them at Number 1? Because they are pure fun.While many hunters know a little bit about shotgun gauges, I think that most people would likely agree the subject can be really confusing. The end result is something of a convoluted mess that the average hunter can really struggle to make heads or tails out of.

Some of the links below are affiliate links. This means I will earn a small commission at no extra cost to you if you make a purchase. Thanks for your support. Additionally, I recorded an entire podcast episode on this exact subject. To really understand the naming convention of shotgun gauges, we need to head back to the days of black powder.

Back then, cannons were named in accordance with the mass of the projectile they shot, not by their bore diameter. For instance, a 12 pound cannon aka a 12 pounder shot a round ball that weighed approximately 12 pounds. The same principle applied to 8 pounders, 6 pounders, 4 pounders, etc. Shoulder fired weapons that fired projectiles weighing less than 1 pound used a closely related system. Large bore black powder rifles were named in this manner and this also is where the system for measuring shotgun gauges comes from.

This is also true with a 10 gauge or 10 bore ball compared to a 12 gauge or 12 bore round ball. In short, the smaller the gauge of a shotgun, the larger the bore diameter. This is why a 10 gauge shotgun has a larger diameter than a 12 gauge shotgun, which has a larger diameter than a 20 gauge shotgun, etc. A different way of saying the same thing would be to describe shotgun gauges in terms of the number of lead balls of a certain diameter necessary to weigh 1 pound.

There is one exception to this rule: the. If it were named like all the other popular shotgun bores, it would be approximately 67 gauge. Just reference the chart below for the nominal bore size of 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge, 20 gauge, 28 gauge, and. Those numbers are great for making an overall comparison between the various shotgun gauges. However, the actual diameter of the bore will sometimes vary.

Remember: gauge size only describes the bore diameter of a shotgun. In addition to gauge, shotgun shells also come in varying lengths with different loads of powder, shot weight, shot size, and shot composition.

For example, take a look at the photo below of a box of 20 gauge shotgun shells. Winchester markets this particular ammunition for upland bird hunting, sporting clays, skeet, and trap. The shell lengths and gauges listed below are standardized by SAAMI and are therefore the most widely available and easy to find. Sizes other than those listed below are sometimes available in limited numbers. Look on the barrel or chamber of your shotgun to determine the proper length shell it can use. A shotgun with a longer chamber can generally safely use smaller shells, but the opposite is not true.

Aside from shotgun slugs, shotgun shells are loaded with a large number of pellets. The exact number of pellets depends on their size and composition as well as the weight of pellets loaded into the shell. To determine the size of birdshot, just subtract the shot size from. This is not the case with other types of shot like BB and buckshot. That being said, while there are exceptions, those other shot sizes larger than.

Reference the table below to see the diameter of some of the most common shot sizes as well as the approximate number of lead pellets of that size that weigh one ounce. As you can see, the number of individual pellets in an ounce decreases as the pellets increase in size. Some boxes of shotgun shells state the composition of the pellets. For instance, lead free, non-toxic shot is mandated for waterfowl hunting in North America. Of all the materials commonly used to produce shot, lead is the most dense.

This means that a given number of individual lead pellets will weigh more than the same number of pellets of the same diameter made out of some other material.


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